Hair loss affects both males and females. Everyone sheds about 100 hairs each day as part of the normal hair growth cycle, however, more then this could affect the appearance of hair on the skin in that area, leading to bald patches. Hair grows on average one point two-five centimetres per month, majority of hair actively constantly growing. The hair that is not actively growing falls out after two or three months, and the hair follicles start growing new hair and other follicles take a turn to be inactive.
An individual suffering from hair loss or balding will notice more hair falls out then usual and the regrowth cycle is very slow or not at all. The hair follicle will remain empty in a patch or area.
People often shed hair during stressful events, such as childbirth, a breakup or divorce or during times of grief.
Alopecia is the medical term for hair loss, alopecia can affect any part of the body. Some illnesses and medications can trigger balding over the entire body, though genetics account for most cases on the head.
What Is a Hair Transplant?
It’s a type of surgery that moves hair you already have to fill an area with thin or no hair. Doctors have been doing these transplants in the U.S. since the 1950s, but techniques have changed a lot in recent years.
You usually have the procedure in the doctor’s office. First, the surgeon cleans your scalp and injects medicine to numb the back of your head. Your doctor will choose one of two methods for the transplant: follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS) or follicular unit extraction (FUE).
With FUSS, the surgeon removes a 6- to 10-inch strip of skin from the back of your head. He sets it aside and sews the scalp closed. This area is immediately hidden by the hair around it.
Next, the surgeon’s team divides the strip of removed scalp into 500 to 2,000 tiny grafts, each with an individual hair or just a few hairs. The number and type of graft you get depends on your hair type, quality, colour and the size of the area where you’re getting the transplant.
If you’re getting the FUE procedure, the surgeon’s team will shave the back of your scalp. Then, the doctor will remove hair follicles one by one from there. The area heals with small dots, which your existing hair will cover.
After that point, both procedures are the same. After he prepares the grafts, the surgeon cleans and numbs the area where the hair will go, creates holes or slits with a scalpel or needle, and delicately places each graft in one of the holes. He’ll probably get help from other team members to plant the grafts, too.
Depending on the size of the transplant you’re getting, the process will take about 4 to 8 hours. You might need another procedure later on if you continue to lose hair or decide you want thicker hair.