Reconstructive surgery differs from cosmetic surgery in that it endeavors to repair abnormalities in the body which may be as a result of development abnormalities, birth defects, trauma, injury, tumors or disease. Cosmetic surgery on the other hand reshapes normal features in a bid to improve your appearance and your self-esteem.
Who should have Reconstructive Surgery?
Two things come into perspective when considering who should have reconstructive surgery. The categories in this case are those who have congenital deformities – meaning those who are born with defects, and those who have development deformities – these are as a result of disease, accidents or infection as well as aging.
Examples of birth defects may include cleft lips, birthmarks, hand deformities, extra fingers and poor breast development. Developmental deformities may include burns, growths, lacerations and aging problems.
Planning the Surgery
There are guidelines that surgeons use when looking into a reconstructive surgery procedure. These guidelines are known as the reconstructive ladder and are arranged in such a way that the procedures that are least complex will fall at the bottom of the ladder and those that are complicated such as reattaching a severed limb will be at the top of the ladder. The approach to treatment begins at the bottom of the ladder in the consideration stages though those with the most urgency will take precedence.
The type of injury, the size of the injury and the extent of the injury are what will determine what treatment will be followed and how soon the procedure should be done. There may be a requirement for follow up visits especially for children because their growth pattern and the effects of the surgery procedure have to be monitored. The rate of healing cannot be determined because we all heal at different rates and therefore the doctor may only be able to give you a general idea of the duration of healing.